Jewish Learning

Shabbat Guide

Shabbat Guide

JUF is pleased to provide this basic guide to celebrating Shabbat.

The Holocaust Project

Encyclopedia Britannica Holocaust Project

JUF partners with Encyclopedia Britannica to bring you their collection of Britannica's Holocaust Project resources.

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Jewish Word Glossary

Glossary Key

abbr. = abbreviated
esp .= especially
Heb. = Hebrew
lit. = literally
n = noun
pl. = plural
pron. = pronounced
usu. = usually
v = verb
Yid. = Yiddish

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L
M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

C

cacamamie
half-baked, silly
calla
(Heb.) bride
cahr
(Heb.) cold
C.E.
Common Era
Chabad
see "Lubavitch"
chag
holiday, esp. a religious one
chai
(Heb.) life
chalilah
"G-d forbid!"
challah
braided egg bread for Shabbat and holidays
chalerya
lit.=cholera: (Yid.) crazy one, someone running amuck
chaloshes
(Yid.) dizzy, faint
chalutz
pioneer; early Israeli settler, esp. on kibbutz
cham
(Heb.) hot
chamalyeh
(Yid.) punch, hard hit [n]
chametz
leavened products forbidden on Pesach
Chanukah
winter holiday for defeating the Syrian Hellenists
chanukia
Chanukah menorah
chap
grab
chap nit
lit.=don't grab: "Not so fast!" "Wait your turn!"
Chareidi
lit.=trembling: fervently practicing Orthodox Jews
charoset
Seder condiment of chopped apples, walnuts, and wine; recalls mortar made by Hebrew slaves in Egypt
chas v'sholom
lit.=mercy and peace: "G-d forbid!"
chasana
wedding
chasid (pl. chasidim)
member of an Orthodox Jewish sect
chatchke(s)
knick-knack(s)
chaver
(Heb.) friend
chavruta
study partner or group
chaya (ruah)
(wicked) wild animal
chayal
lit.=valorous, valiant one: soldier
chayrem
state of excommunication, shunning
Chaim Yankel
The "average Joe"
Chazal
abbr. of Chachomim, Zichronom L'Vracha: our Sages, may their Memories (be) for a Blessing.
chazan
cantor
chazer
pig
chazerai
(Yid.) disgusting stuff, trash
chazuka
claim of ownership based on repeated use
cheder
religious lesson, or where it's held
chesed
(Heb.) kindness
cheshbon
lit.=accounting: bill, invoice, check (at a restaurant)
cheshban nefesh
lit.= accounting of the soul: soul-searching self-evaluation
Cheshvan
2nd Jewish month (Oct-Nov)
chevra kadisha
lit.=holy association: burial society
chidush
innovation; revelation
chilul HaShem
lit.=defamation of the Name: an act or statement that reflects badly on G-d (and the Jewish community).
chinuch
early childhood education
chiyuv
lit.=obligated: one to whom an honor is due in shul
chochma
(Heb.) wisdom
chochom (pl. chochomim)
sage; wise one
chochom b'laila
lit.=a sage at night: said of those who think they are smart, yet no one else can "see" it. 
chodesh
lit.=new (moon): month
Chol HaMo'ed
middle 4 days of 8-day holidays, esp. Pesach and Sukkot; rules of the holiday apply, but work is permitted.
choleh
(Heb.) sick, ill
cholent
24-hour stew for Shabbat, holidays, etc.
choshech
(Heb.) darkness; (Yid.) depression; calamity
choshev
lit.=considerable: important
choson
(Heb.) groom
chrain
(Yid.) horseradish
chug
activity group
Chumash
lit.=five: The Five Books of Moses
chuppah
wedding canopy
churban
destruction, ruin [n]
chutzpah
sass, moxy; nerve, gall
chiloni
Israeli non-affiliated Jew
Converso
Jew forced to convert under the Inquistion; a modern descendant living in the southwest U.S.