Jewish Learning

Shabbat Guide

Shabbat Guide

JUF is pleased to provide this basic guide to celebrating Shabbat.

The Holocaust Project

Encyclopedia Britannica Holocaust Project

JUF partners with Encyclopedia Britannica to bring you their collection of Britannica's Holocaust Project resources.

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Jewish Word Glossary

Glossary Key

abbr. = abbreviated
esp .= especially
Heb. = Hebrew
lit. = literally
n = noun
pl. = plural
pron. = pronounced
usu. = usually
v = verb
Yid. = Yiddish

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L
M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

H

HaAretz
lit.=the land: The Land of Israel
habibi
lit.=the one I like: "My good friend"
hachnasat orchim
the welcoming of guests; hospitality
hader
(Heb.) pride
hadasim
myrtle leaves, used on Succot
hadlakah
kindling, lighting candles
Haftarah
after Torah reading, a reading from Prophets, usu. related in content or theme to parsha just read (not related to the words "half" or "Torah")
hagbah
raising and display of the Torah scroll after reading
Hadassah
U.S.-based Jewish women's organization
Haggadah
Pesach guidebook, used during Seder
hakafot
dances around bimah on Succot [n]
hakarat hatov
lit.=the recognition of the good: gratitude, appreciation, esp. in public
hak'n a chainik
lit.=banging a kettle: annoying [v]
halachah
Jewish law
ha-levai
(Yid.) "If only!"
Hallel
holiday prayer of thanks-giving Psalms
halvah
sesame candy
hamentash(en)
Purim cookie(s), filled with fruit or poppyseeds
HaMotzi
the blessing over bread
hano'oh 
benefit, pleasure
HaShem
The Name (in place of G-d's actual Name)
hashkafah
philosophy; religious "stream," esp. of Orthodoxy
hashgachah
lit.=supervison: kashrut certification
hashgachah pratis
lit.=detailed supervision: Divine providence or intervention
Haskala
19th cent. European Jewish "Enlightenment"
HaTikvah
lit.=The Hope: Israel's anthem
hatzlachah
success, prosperity (often used as a farewell: "B'hatzlacha!")
Havdala
prayer bidding farewell to Shabbat
haymish
lit.=home-like: friendly, joyous
hefker
abandoned, ownerless
Herzl, Theodor
early Zionist, Hebrew-language proponent
heter
expemption, waiver, usu. of halachah, for extenuating circumstances
hitsik
(Yid.) hot-headed, short-tempered
Holocaust
(always capitalized when referring to WWII Jewish genocide)
hondle 
lit.=handle: bargain [v]
hora
fast, festive circle-dance
hoshanah
prayer for hakafot
Hoshanah Rabbah
holiday at end of Succot
hummus
chick-pea paste, a Mid-Eastern dish