Jewish Learning

Shabbat Guide

Shabbat Guide

JUF is pleased to provide this basic guide to celebrating Shabbat.

The Holocaust Project

Encyclopedia Britannica Holocaust Project

JUF partners with Encyclopedia Britannica to bring you their collection of Britannica's Holocaust Project resources.

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Jewish Word Glossary

Glossary Key

abbr. = abbreviated
esp .= especially
Heb. = Hebrew
lit. = literally
n = noun
pl. = plural
pron. = pronounced
usu. = usually
v = verb
Yid. = Yiddish

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L
M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

O

ochtsen und dreytsen
lit= 18 and 13: (Yid.) of a less palatable but necessary topic, esp. money
oht azoy 
lit.=as thus: "That's right! Just like that!"
olam
world; universe; everything; forever
Olam HaBah
The World to Come
oleh (pl. olim)
lit.=ascender: immigrant to Israel
Omer
period of 49 days between the second night of Pesach and the first night of Shavuot; first 33 are period of national mourning
oneg
party, usu. on Shabbat
ootz 
(Yid.) tease; pester
otobus
lit.=autobus: bus
(The) O.U.
The Orthodox Union (full name: Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America); its kashrut insignia, an 'O' around a 'U'.
oy, gevalt
"Oh, drat!"; "Quick, help!"
oy, gottenyu
"Oh, G-d!"
oy, vey
lit.=(it) hurts: "Oh, no!"
oy, vey is mir
"Oh, woe is me."
oys gematert
(Yid.) worn out, worn thin; exhausted
oys shiduch 
lit.=the engagement is over: "The deal is off!"
oysvorf
(Yid.) outcast
oytser
lit.=treasure: (Yid.) darling one