Jewish Learning

Shabbat Guide

Shabbat Guide

JUF is pleased to provide this basic guide to celebrating Shabbat.

The Holocaust Project

Encyclopedia Britannica Holocaust Project

JUF partners with Encyclopedia Britannica to bring you their collection of Britannica's Holocaust Project resources.

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Jewish Word Glossary

Glossary Key

abbr. = abbreviated
esp .= especially
Heb. = Hebrew
lit. = literally
n = noun
pl. = plural
pron. = pronounced
usu. = usually
v = verb
Yid. = Yiddish

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L
M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

R

rabbotai
lit=sirs: "May I have your attention," a call to order
rachmanah l'tzlan
"May the Merciful One forbid!"
rachmanut
(Heb.) mercy
rachov
(Heb.) street
rav
term of endearment for rabbi
reb/rebbe/rebbie
terms of endearment for rabbi
rebbetzin
wife of a rabbi
Rebbono Shel Olam
lit.=rabbi of the universe: G-d
refusenik
one refused an exit visa from the Soviet Union
regah
(Heb.) minute; "One minute!"
regel
(Heb.) leg, foot
retevet
lit.=rescue: "Help! Emergency!"
richtiker cheifetz
lit.= right desire: (Yid.) the genuine article, the "real deal"
rimon
(Heb.) pomegranate; grenade
rimonim
ornamental cylinders placed on Sefer Torah
Rishonim
lit.=first ones: post-Gemarah-era commentators, incl. Rashi & Maimonides
rofeh
doctor
Rosh Chodesh
lit.= head of the new (moon): first day of the new month
Rosh HaShanah
lit.=head of the year: Jewish New Year, autumn holiday
rotzeh
(Heb.) want [v]
ruach
lit.=wind: (Heb.) spirit; enthusiasm
ruggelach
croissant-like pastries, usu. w/ chocolate or cinnamon